African swine fever: epidemiology, clinical signs, pathology and diagnosis

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African swine fever

African Swine fever (ASF) in its classical form is a paracute to acute, highly fatal disease of domestic pigs caused by a virus.

Term: 2013
Published: October 8, 2013
Revised: April 7, 2014

African Swine fever (ASF) in its classical form is a paracute to acute, highly fatal disease of domestic pigs caused by a virus. It was originally confined to Africa by its natural hosts, namely argasid ticks and wild suids in which infection is inapparent.  The disease is characterized by high fever, short course with skin congestion, cyanosis, prostration, and widespread haemorrhages in many organ systems, particularly the lymphoid tissues.  Morbidity and mortality rates are almost 100%.  However, where the disease has become endemic in domestic pigs, mortality rates may be considerably reduced.  This video provides information on the epidemiology, clinical signs, pathology and diagnosis of African swine fever.

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This Work, African swine fever: epidemiology, clinical signs, pathology and diagnosis, by The Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license.