Ecosystems and ecology

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Dankbaar windmill, January 1981

Rainfall is the main driver for the productivity of vegetation in the south-western Kalahari ecosystem. The moisture precipitates as spectacular storms from clouds that form late in the afternoon as here at Dankbaar windmill, January 1981

Term: 2014
Published: April 7, 2014
Revised: April 7, 2014

The material that is presented in this module was compiled with the aid of the various resources as noted in the reference lists. However, it is in the interest of the reader to study the original publications too because they contain additional relevant information.

The following topics are discussed:

  • Definitions
  • Biomes, ecosystems and bioregions
  • Ecosystem components
  • Ecosystem development
  • Case study: the south-western Kalahari ecosystem
    • Inorganic components
    • Organic components
  • Some features of ecosystems
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystem functioning
    • Terrestrial ecosystems
    • Marine ecosystems
    • Ecosystem and habitat fragmentation
    • Transfrontier conservation areas.

About The Instructor

Prof Koos Bothma

Prof Koos Bothma

Emeritus Professor: Centre for Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria, South Africa 

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
This Work, Ecosystems and ecology, by Prof Koos Bothma is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license.